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Health and Well Being

CRKP and MRSA-Antibiotic Resistant Superbugs:Are you at Risk?

CKRP (carbapenem-resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae) and MRSA (methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus), are two recently discovered superbugs that have been found to be resistant to antibiotics. These two superbugs pose a serious global health threat, and can cause severe sickness and even death. The CKRP superbug and MRSA superbug are currently attacking vulnerable patients in hospitals and are now spreading throughout communities. It has been reported that 25,000 people died of antibiotic resistant superbugs last year in Europe alone.

The misuse of antibiotics in the past seems to have created these antibiotic superbugs; the CRKP superbug and the MRSA superbug are the first two that pose a serious global threat. Unless the necessary steps are taken to find a solution to this crises, antibiotic resistant superbugs , and others that will soon follow, will be very difficult to cure. The CKRP superbug has now been reported in 36 states within the USA, and doctors are sure that these antibiotic resistant superbugs will eventually spread to the remainder 14 states. The CRKP superbug is more worrisome to doctors as it is completely resistant to virtually all antibiotics. The MRSA superbug however is susceptible to a few antibiotics.

Let’s find out who is mostly at risk to these antibiotic resistant superbugs and what steps need to be taken to keep yourself and your family from acquiring these antibiotic resistant superbugs.

Antibiotic resistant superbugs are bacteria that have evolved and mutated, and have become more and more resistant to popular antibiotics. This is due to the overuse of antibiotic treatments, which over the years have grown immune to common antibiotics. Mutated bacteria such as the MRSA superbug and the CRKP superbug have developed from the surviving bacteria that are commonly leftover after antibiotic treatments are used. These antibiotic resistant superbugs are then resistant to the antibiotics they were exposed to, allowing them to thrive and spread.

The CRKP superbug and the MRSA superbugs are common forms of bacteria that form in the intestines, and have the ability to infect those exposed through breaks in the skin and orally. More commonly, more and more are being introduced to the CRKP superbug and MRSA superbug in hospitals, particularly during surgery. Antibiotic resistant superbugs are especially dangerous to the elderly and those who are in hospitals and requiring an IV, on a ventilator, or have received extended antibiotic treatment are at the greatest risk of acquiring the CRKP or MRSA superbug. Healthy, younger adults are more likely to be able to fight of the CRKP superbug.

Currently, there are two strains of the MRSA superbug known today. The first type is common in hospitals affecting patients, and has similar risks factors as CRKP. The other form of MRSA, the strain the doctors are extremely concerned about, is spreading throughout communities which affect people of all ages. This form of MRSA superbug can attach those who frequent locker rooms, daycare centers, soldiers, and those who are exposed to needles (even tattoos). Almost a half a million people are admitted to hospital because of the MRSA superbug.

Previously, the CRKP superbug had taken the lives of 35% of those who acquire this antibiotic resistant superbug. Currently, the death rate at the moment is not known. However, approximately 19,000 deaths occur in the USA from similar strains of the MRSA superbug, and this rate has increase to 10 times this amount as of recent. Most of these outbreaks seem to be rising within communities instead of healthcare facilities. In hospitals, these antibiotic resistant superbugs are commonly transmitted through ventilators, catheters, and surgical wounds. Outside of the hospital, items such as shared razors, clothes, and sports equipment are all common ways these antibiotic resistant superbugs are transmitted.

Symptoms of the CRKP superbug are closely related to having pneumonia, meningitis, urinary tract infections, wound infections, and blood infections. The MRSA superbug on the other hand commonly forms boils and abscesses on the skin which look quite like bug bits. The MRSA superbug can also cause flu-like symptoms as with pneumonia. As of right now, the only antibiotic that is effective against the CKRP superbug is Colistin, which is seriously toxic to the body and can severely harm the kidneys. The MRSA superbug is still treatable with Vancomycin as well as a few other antibiotics. These two antibiotic resistant superbugs are not airborne.

As a result of the sharp increase of these antibiotic resistance superbugs, doctors are beginning to prescribe fewer antibiotics to their patients. This is in order to prevent other serious strains of bacteria in the future. The best way to protect yourself from acquiring the MRSA superbug and CRKP superbug is with proper hygiene. Wash your hands frequently and thoroughly, especially when in hospitals and in public places. Try and avoid sharing your personal items with others, and be sure to shower after using gym equipment and other apparels. Ultimately, the best possible way to prevent from acquiring these antibiotic resistant superbugs is to keep clean, and avoid places and items where bacteria tend to thrive.

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